History

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History

Lycia is one most important ancient civilazitions of Mediterranean coast dating back to the years BC 3000. Artifacts which found in Elmalı and around indicate that the Challcolithic and Bronze Age settlement on Teke Peninsula belong to Lycians.

Luwians that immigrated to Anatolia in the year BC 2200 stayed in the Agean and Mediterranean coast and then they established a civilization known as Lycian. Teke Peninsula is between Antalya and Fethiye.
According to the antique Egyptian records and also the Trojans, the first name of the civilization was "Lukka" which means "light" in Hittite language.

We understand that an advanced civilization called Lycia used to have trading relations with the Mediterranean countries. The Uluburun shipwreck which has been found near Kaş proves this fact. The shipwreck is 3350 years old and today the original wreck is exhibited in Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum. A replica of the wreck is under the water in Kaş Arhaeopark to dive and visit.

When Anatolia was captured by Persians In the BC 6th century, Lycian men set fire to the city and killed their families and then they fighted until the last drop of blood they had.

On the other hand, Lycian art existed throughout the Persians. In BC 4th century when Alexander the Great entered Anatolia Lycians didn't show a great resistance against his arrmies therefore the Persian government ended. After the death of Alexander the Great the country remained under the government of Syria until the Apameia Agreement with the Roman Empire.

In the BC 2nd century Lycian cities established a federation knownn as the Lycian Union.  Lycian Union shows great progress in economic and cultural life. After AC 1st century when the pirates of the region began to be a serious problem  for the Lycians, Romans helped them to be successful against the Mediterranean pirats.

But then the Lycians set fire to defend their city Xanthos against Brutus the Roman emperor (as they did the centuries ago, to the Persian armies, )

Then the city was rebuilt by Augustus, Trojans and Hadrian. In AC 141 the Lycian region was all collapsed because of a n awful earthquake and again the Roman Empire helped to rebuilt it. And nearly 100 years after the same tragedy happened.But that time the Roman Empire didn't help to rebuilt the city.

During the "dark ages" which we call for the post Roman, there is not enough information about the region.

After the victory of Malazgirt in 1071 the doors of Anatolia were all opened for Turkish people. In 1207 Antalya was the major port for the  Turkish navy. The region was under the control of "Tekeoğulları" for 113 years.

Lter 13th century the region was completely under the authority of Turkish civilization.

KAŞ means "eyebrow" in Turkish because it looks like an eyebrow when you look from the beach of Meis/Megisti (Kastellorizo) island  which is located across Kaş. (and Meis looks like an eye!)

Kaş municipality was established in 1923. The local people of the region is called "Yörük" and they like to stay on the plateaus (like Gömbe) during hot summer months.

In the region agrriculture, fishing and sponge fishing is important. The sea offers all the blessings to the regional people.

Kaş has been evolved very fast because it is one of the most important touristic towns of the coast for so many years. For the town, the most important source of income is torism so the construction sector has also made a quick breakthrough. Many people (domestic and foreign) who want to escape from the big cities continue to migrate to Kaş to live in a cozy Mediterranean town.